Coffee is one of the most valuable commodities in the world and a lot of people are dependent on it. Coffee farmers are responsible for ensuring that the coffee they harvest can be turned into an excellent cup of coffee.
Nowadays, coffee farmers have to compete with a variety of other crops such as wheat and sugarcane to make money. To help them remain competitive, they look to other products not just coffee.
The FAO estimates that fair-trade coffee sales worldwide were worth $3 billion in 2017, with revenue from just one country - Brazil - accounting for $2 billion.
In 2019. Fairtrade International reported that producers of small amounts of coffee can only make about $2.20 for a kilo (or about $1.00 per pound). Coffee farmers are often times referred to as the "backbone of rural economies."
Farmers are mainly paid by share or a fixed wage for certain cycles. And these cycles can vary from different regions in the world.
Coffee production generates a significant amount of income in countries where coffee is the main export. In some countries, coffee production is the single biggest contributor to national income.
In 2014, more than 8 billion cups of coffee were produced in Ethiopia, making Ethiopia the world's second-largest producer of coffee.
Coffee farming is a very hard job and takes considerable physical and mental effort. Farmers have to be fit enough to handle continuous labor without getting tired. They also need mental agility because they have to keep track of how much produce they sell, how much debt they are in, and when their next harvest is coming up.
These factors make the average coffee farmer’s income very difficult to predict but it can be understood that it varies depending on factors such as location, conditions on farms, price of coffee beans etc.